Publication Ethics

Ethical standards are the necessary guidelines to uphold integrity, fairness, credibility and excellence in publications as it also clearly outlines the roles and expectations of all parties involved.


All articles submitted to Citations Journals must be completely original and not published anywhere else or under review consideration elsewhere. Ideas, words and works that are not of the author(s) must be properly cited and referenced as articles discovered to have been plagiarized, will be immediately be rejected if unpublished or retracted if published.

Multiple or Concurrent Submission

Articles discovered to be submitted elsewhere or published at the time of submission will be rejected as this constitutes unacceptable ethical behaviour.

Citation Manipulation

It is unethical to have deliberate increase in the number of citations attributed to an author’s work or to articles published in a specific journal. Manuscripts of this nature are not welcomed by Citations Journals

Data Fabrication and Falsification

Submitted manuscripts must be free of fabrication, manipulation of images and falsified results. Manuscripts found guilty of these concerns will be rejected 

Improper Author Contribution or Attribution

It is a mandatory standard that all listed authors indicated in a manuscript must have made substantial contribution to the study and be in complete agreement with the result of the research. 

Redundant Publications

The splitting of a research study into several articles is not acceptable.

Furthermore, in compliance with our publication ethics the following guidelines must be strictly adhered to

Authors must confirm the following:

·         Submitted manuscripts must be the original work of the author(s)

·         Only unpublished manuscripts should be submitted

·         It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently

·         Any conflict of interest must be clearly stated

·         Acknowledge the sources of data used in the development of the manuscript

·         All errors discovered in the manuscript after submission must be swiftly communicated to the Editor.